Total Area: 17 075 400 km²
Population: 142 905 200
Capital: Moscow (10 415 400)
Time zone: GMT+3 to +12 (exc.+5)
Language: Russian official throughout the country; 27 others co-official in various regions
Currency: Ruble (RUB)
Ethnic composition: Russians 79.8%, Tatars 3.8%, Ukrainians 2%, Bashkirs 1.2%, Chuvashes 1.1%, Chechens 0.9%, Armenians 0.8%, other 10.4%
Religion: Russian Orthodox as 71.8% of the population in Russia, Muslim 5.5%, Catholic 1.8%, Protestant 0.7%, Buddhist 0.6%, Jewish 0.3%, Other 0.9%; no affiliation 18.9%.
Government: Federal semi-presidential republic
Member of: Group of Eight (G8) industrialized nations, the Council of Europe, OSCE and APEC. Russia usually takes a leading role in regional organizations such as the CIS, EurAsEC, CSTO, and the SCO.
Climate: ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast.
Natural resources: wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber; note: formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources
Emergancy Numbers: 01 – Fire, 02 – Police, 03 – Ambulance, 04 - Gas leakage
International Dialing Code: for an international call, dial 8 + 10 + country code + city code + number. Wait for a single, not repeated, dial tone after 8 and then dial the rest. When you need to call to another city of Russia, dial 8 + city code + number. For calling within St.Petersburg you don't need to dial any additional codes.
Flag: tricolour flag of three equal horizontal fields, white on the top, blue in the middle and red on the bottom. The flag was first used as an ensign for Russian merchant war and ships and only became official in 1896. The flag continued to be used by the Russian Provisional Government even after the Tsar was toppled in the February Revolution and was not replaced until the October Revolution which established a Bolshevik government. In 1991 the tricolour was brought back as the official flag of the new Russian Federation. The modern era flag underwent a slight change in 1993 and has been official since 2000.
National Anthem: "Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii" is the name of the official national anthem of Russia. Its musical composition and lyrics were adopted from the anthem of the Soviet Union, composed by Alexander Alexandrov, and lyricists Sergey Mikhalkov and Gabriel El-Registan.
Coat of arms: Gules a two-headed eagle each head imperially crowned holding in his dexter talon a sceptre and in his sinister talon a globus cruciger ensigned by an imperial crown all Or an inescutcheon displayed upon the breast gules a representation of a knight upon horseback slaying a dragon.